We are all descended from John Henry Harm.
John Harm was married twice. He first married Christina Margaret Smith in Germany, she died in 1872. So far I have no other information on her. To the first marriage was born (John) Henry Harm, (who used the designation 'Senior' after his name as an adult), Marie Harm, Lena Harm, and two other children who possibly died before reaching adulthood. Lena stayed in Germany and became Mrs. Naggle. Marie emigrated from Germany and settled in Moville, Woodbury County, Iowa. She married Fred Schroeder. Henry Harm married Auguste S. Johanna Wieck. They had a large family with many descendants, one of which is me!
John Harm married the second time to Kathryn Henrietta Avers in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany in 1872. He was 40, she was 36 when they married. They were both born in Germany, John in 1832, Kathryn, (also known as Cathonene, Catha, and Katrina), in 1836. There were five children born to this marriage, three of whom we have some information on. Dora/Doris/Cora Harm stayed in Germany and later became Mrs. Enoch or Enick. Augusta Louise Harm came to Germany with her half-brother John Henry Harm, Sr. and his family. She later married Gustav Huchendorf, they raised a large family with many descendants. John and Kathryn had another son, Julius Carl Harm, who was called Jude. He worked on the family farm near Brookings, Brookings County, South Dakota most of his life. He never married. According to the obituary of John Harm (the elder), there were two other children born to this marriage. They were no longer living in September 1917 when John Harm (the elder) died.
John and Kathryn arrived in the United States of America at Ellis Island on April 13, 1901 on the ship Phoenicia, at the time sailing under the German flag. Their point of departure was Hamburg, Germany. The ship had left Hamburg on 31 March 1901. The journey took 14 days. John was 68 years old. Kathryn was 64 years old. They rode in steerage, which is the lowest class of transportation on ships. Only those riding in steerage docked at Ellis Island. Those traveling in first and second class docked and departed the ship in Manhattan, New York. Their former residence in Germany was the town of Neutisdorf. I have not found this town on a map nor in other research, so either I have the wrong spelling or the town no longer exists. At least two of John and Kathryn's children were already in the United States.
John and Kathryn were traveling to meet John's son and Kathryn's stepson, (John) Henry Harm. Henry paid their way to the United States and probably met them at the Port of New York to escort them to their new home.
The younger Harms - John Henry Harm (26); Augusta S. Johanna Wieck Harm (25) (his wife); Augusta Louise Harm (18) (his half-sister); Anna Harm, infant daughter of Henry & Augusta Harm; Julius Harm, 2-year old son of Henry & Augusta Harm; and Freda Catrina Johanna Harm, 4-year-old daughter of Henry & Augusta Harm, were passengers on the ship New York. The trip originated from the port of Southampton, Southhamptonshire, United Kingdom. They arrived at Ellis Island in New York City on March 26, 1894. They were former residents of the port town of Kiel in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.
Click on this
photo to see the Harm Family. Previous information (now found incorrect)
was that this photo was taken in Germany before the family left that country.
Another copy of the photo was sent to me by Jonathan Harm, son of Stephen &
Michelle Harm, that shows the studio credit as Warren - Correctionville, Iowa.
Photos of the ships that brought the Harms to American can be seen through a search of Ellis Island Records
At the time the younger Harm family moved to America in 1894, the political climate in Germany was tense, and getting worse. This was the era before World War I, and family stories say the upcoming war greatly influenced the family's decision to leave Europe. They first lived in the Correctionville, Woodbury County, Iowa area and began farming, later settling in the Pierson community. Many descendants and relatives still live in the area.